Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-282, Title II)
This landmark legislation was enacted in August 2004 with widespread support from the celiac community. FALCPA requires:
- ingredient statements to list whether any of the top eight allergens (milk, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, Crustacean shellfish, soy, and wheat) are contained in the product;
- the allergen to be listed by its common name, e.g. ‘wheat’ rather than ‘semolina’ or ‘kamut’; and
- the labeling for allergens if used in spices, natural or artificial flavorings, additives, and colorings.
These important food labeling changes went into effect on January 1, 2006.
In addition, the law required the FDA to implement rules for the voluntary labeling of products as ‘gluten-free’ by August, 2008. The agency’s proposal was published on January 23, 2007. To date the regulations have not been finalized.